Mutations

PSEN1 F386I

Overview

Pathogenicity: Alzheimer's Disease : Not Classified
Clinical Phenotype: Alzheimer's Disease
Reference Assembly: GRCh37/hg19
Position: Chr14:73683860 T>A
dbSNP ID: NA
Coding/Non-Coding: Coding
Mutation Type: Point, Missense
Codon Change: TTC to ATC
Reference Isoform: PSEN1 Isoform 1 (467 aa)
Genomic Region: Exon 11

Findings

This mutation was found in a Chinese family with a strong history of dementia (Shea et al., 2016). The family consisted of six siblings who were all affected, along with their father, who also had a clinical history consistent with AD. AD was diagnosed according to the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria for possible or probable disease. The three living siblings were all carriers of the L386I mutation. The average age of onset for the siblings was 49.8 years (range 45-60). Disease in this family presented as early memory problems, amnesia, and spatial disorientation. One of the siblings also developed epilepsy. 

This variant was absent from the gnomAD variant database (gnomAD v2.1.1, August 2021).

Neuropathology

Unknown. MRI imaging of two of the siblings demonstrated bilateral hippocampal atrophy, while a third sibling had severe medial temporal lobe atrophy.

Biological Effect

The biological effect of this variant is unknown, but several in silico algorithms (SIFT, Polyphen-2, LRT, MutationTaster, MutationAssessor, FATHMM, PROVEAN, CADD, REVEL, and Reve in the VarCards database) predicted this variant is damaging (Xiao et al., 2021). The site of the F386I mutation is adjacent to D385, a critical aspartate in the active site (Shea et al., 2016).

Last Updated: 13 Sep 2021

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References

Paper Citations

  1. . Novel presenilin 1 mutation (p.F386I) in a Chinese family with early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiol Aging. 2017 Feb;50:168.e9-168.e11. Epub 2016 Oct 15 PubMed.
  2. . APP, PSEN1, and PSEN2 Variants in Alzheimer's Disease: Systematic Re-evaluation According to ACMG Guidelines. Front Aging Neurosci. 2021;13:695808. Epub 2021 Jun 18 PubMed.

External Citations

  1. gnomAD v2.1.1

Further Reading

No Available Further Reading

Protein Diagram

Primary Papers

  1. . Novel presenilin 1 mutation (p.F386I) in a Chinese family with early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiol Aging. 2017 Feb;50:168.e9-168.e11. Epub 2016 Oct 15 PubMed.

Other mutations at this position

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