Chemical Name: (S)-α-Ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidineacetamide
Therapy Type: Small Molecule (timeline)
Target Type: Amyloid-Related (timeline)
U.S. FDA Status: MCI-AD (Phase 3)
Company: AgeneBio, Inc.
AGB101 is a proprietary, once-daily, extended-release, low-dose formulation of the FDA-approved atypical anti-convulsant medication levetiracetam. According to AgeneBio, AGB101 corresponds to roughly 1/12 of the dose typically prescribed for epilepsy, and the drug's mechanism of action is inhibition of the synaptic protein SV2A.
In September 2015, AgeneBio received a $7.5 million grant from the National Institutes on Aging toward evaluating AGB101, and announced that it intended to begin a Phase 3 trial of this formulation in 2016 (company press release, conference news). Further NIA funds were received in September 2017, a trial start announced for 2018 (press release), and the first patient enrolled in January 2019 (press release).
Conducted at 23 sites in the United States and Canada, the HOPE4MCI trial was intended to evaluate AGB101 safety, and its efficacy at slowing cognitive and functional impairment, in 830 people who fulfill criteria for MCI and have a positive PET scan for brain amyloid. Participants receive 220 mg AGB101 or placebo once daily for 78 weeks. The primary outcome is change in CDR-SB score at 78 weeks; secondary measures include change on the MMSE and Functional Activities Questionnaire. An imaging substudy includes structural MRI and tau PET imaging with MK-6240 in 160 participants at baseline and after treatment; plasma p-217 will be measured at 78 weeks (Rosenzweig et al., 2020). In August 2020, the trial registration was changed from Phase 3 to Phase 2/3. In April 2021, AgeneBio announced completion of enrollment in HOPE4MCI, with only 164 participants and 609 screen failures (press release, AAIC presentation). The company now refers to the trial as a Phase 2b, rather than Phase 3, study. It will run through November 2022.
In April 2019, a Phase 2 research study on AGB101 began at Medical College of Wisconsin. This crossover trial compares the effects of 2 weeks of 220 mg/day AGB101 or placebo on functional brain networks. It will enroll 50 healthy older people, half ApoE4 carriers and half noncarriers. The primary endpoint will be change in functional connectivity in the hippocampus and default mode networks, assessed by functional MRI; secondary measures include tests of episodic memory.
For details on AGB101 trials, see clinicaltrials.gov.
Last Updated: 17 Sep 2021
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