Therapy Type: Immunotherapy (passive) (timeline)
Target Type: alpha-synuclein
Condition(s): Parkinson's Disease
U.S. FDA Status: Parkinson's Disease (Inactive)
Company: AbbVie, BioArctic AB
ABBV-0805 is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting α-synuclein. Genetic and pathology evidence implicate aggregated forms of this protein in the molecular pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease and other α-synucleinopathies such as dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). In 2018, AbbVie licensed this and similar antibodies from the Swedish company BioArctic, and is developing it for the treatment of PD.
BioArctic engineered several antibodies that bind oligomeric/protofibrillar α-synuclein with nanomolar affinity and high selectivity over monomeric protein. BioArctic engineered several antibodies that bind oligomeric/protofibrillar α-synuclein with nanomolar affinity and high selectivity over monomeric protein. BioArctic has shown its antibodies reduce pathological α-synuclein protein levels in mice expressing human α-synuclein (Lindström et al, 2014; Kallab et al., 2018). Preclinical work with ABBV-0805 showed protection against α-synuclein toxicity, as well as clearance of pathological aggregates and prolonged survival in α-synuclein transgenic mice (Nordström et al., 2021).
In March 2019, AbbVie began a Phase 1 study of ABBV-0805 in healthy volunteers in the United States (press release). Data presented at the September 2021 International Congress of Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders reported pharmacokinetic and safety data that warranted continuing into Phase 2, with once-monthly dosing.
In March 2020, the company started what was going to be a multicenter, placebo-controlled Phase 1 study in 32 people with idiopathic, mild to moderate Parkinson’s. It was going to randomize them to three escalating doses of antibody or placebo, delivered by intravenous infusion every 28 days, with a fourth dose being added pending initial results. Primary outcomes were going to be adverse events and antibody pharmacokinetics in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. In July 2020, the company withdrew this trial, citing strategic reasons.
On April 20 2022, BioArctic announced that AbbVie had terminated its collaboration on α-synuclein antibodies, including ABBV-0805 (press release). BioArctic said it is looking for ways to continue development.
For details on ABBV-0805 trials, see clinicaltrials.gov.
Last Updated: 14 Jul 2022
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