Research Models

Selected Results

3 Models

Name Other Names Strain Name Genetic Background Gene Mutation Modification Info Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition Other Phenotype Availability Primary Paper Visualization
Mouse Models (3)
CaMKII-tTA/TRE-hTau-A152T C57BL/6-Tg(tetO-MAPT*A152T)L1Lms/J C59Bl/6J MAPT MAPT A152T These bigenic mice use the CaMKII╬▒ promoter to drive expression of tetracycline transactivator (tTA) in forebrain neurons. The responder transgene is the 1N4R isoform of human tau with the A152T mutation. Expression is constitutive unless suppressed by doxycycline. MAPT: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia, Other Tauopathy Tangles or dense tau inclusions not observed. Abnormal accumulations of soluble tau. Age-dependent neuronal loss was observed in the hippocampus. Age-dependent learning and memory deficits in the Morris water maze. Nest building impaired. Social interaction, anxiety, exploratory behavior, and motor functions were normal. Increase in basal synaptic activity and epileptiform spikes. Life span normal. Available as single transgenics: The Jackson Lab Stock# 028979 (cyropreserved) and Stock# 007004 (live) Maeda et al., 2016 Yes
hTau40-AT, Ala152T-Tau, A152T-Tau, Tau/A152T C57BL/6 MAPT MAPT A152T Human full-length tau (hTau40) isoform 2N4R with the A152T mutation expressed under the Thy1.2 promotor is located in the ROSA26 locus. MAPT: Knock-In Alzheimer's Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia, Other Tauopathy Tangles in hippocampus, cortex, and spinal cord at 3 months with age-dependent increases. Tau hyperphosphorylation, conformation changes, and mislocalization observed. Age-dependent loss of synapses. Age-dependent learning and memory deficits in the Morris water maze. Motor functions normal. Increase in basal synaptic transmission. Available through Eva Mandelkow Decker et al., 2016, Sydow et al., 2016 Yes
TauA152T-AAV C57BL/6 MAPT MAPT A152T An adeno-associated viral (AAV1) vector encoding TauA152T under the control of the cytomegalovirus enhancer/chicken ╬▓-actin promoter was injected bilaterally into the lateral ventricles of neonatal C57BL/6 mice. MAPT: Virus Alzheimer's Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia, Other Tauopathy Neuron loss and astrogliosis were observed in the cortices of 3-month-old mice. Compared with GFP-AAV controls, TauA152T-AAV mice showed deficits in contextual and cued fear conditioning, increased hyperactivity, and decreased rearing in the open-field test, and spent more time in the open arms of the elevated plus maze. TauA152T-AAV mice also exhibited motor impairment on the Rotarod. Unknown. Carlomagno et al., 2019 Yes

3 Visualizations

AD-related Research Models

Phenotypes Examined

  • Plaques
  • Tangles
  • Neuronal Loss
  • Gliosis
  • Synaptic Loss
  • Changes in LTP/LTD
  • Cognitive Impairment

When visualized, these phenotypes will distributed over a 18 month timeline demarcated at the following intervals: 3mo, 6mo, 9mo, 1yr, 15mo, 18mo+.

hTau-A152T

Observed
  1. X
    Neuronal Loss at 87

    Neuron loss in the hippocampus was observed by 20 months.

  2. X
    Gliosis at 17

    Astrocytosis, but no differences in microglia.

  3. X
    Cognitive Impairment at 74

    In the Morris water maze, performance was impaired after 17 months of age. Nest building was impaired at 10-14 months. Social interaction, anxiety, exploratory behavior, and motor functions were unaltered.

Absent
  • Tangles at

    Abnormal accumulations of soluble tau were observed, but not tangles or tangle-like structures.

  • Changes in LTP/LTD at

    Unchanged at 20 months.

No Data
  • Plaques at

    No data.

  • Synaptic Loss at

    No data.

Genes Mutations Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition
MAPT MAPT A152T MAPT: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia, Other Tauopathy

Tangles or dense tau inclusions not observed. Abnormal accumulations of soluble tau. Age-dependent neuronal loss was observed in the hippocampus.

Age-dependent learning and memory deficits in the Morris water maze. Nest building impaired. Social interaction, anxiety, exploratory behavior, and motor functions were normal.

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hTau-AT (hTau40-AT)

Observed
  1. X
    Tangles at 13

    Tangles in hippocampus, cortex, and spinal cord starting at 3 months with age-dependent increases. Hyperphosphorylation, conformation changes, and mislocalization.

  2. X
    Neuronal Loss at 52

    Neuron loss in the hippocampus and cortex at 12 months.

  3. X
    Gliosis at 43

    Astrocytosis and microgliosis at 10 months.

  4. X
    Synaptic Loss at 87

    Synaptophysin, but not PSD95, decreased in hippocampus and cortex at 12 months. By Golgi staining, spines unchanged in CA1 at 10 months, increased in CA3 at 12 months, and decreased in CA1 and CA3 at 16 months.

  5. X
    Cognitive Impairment at 70

    No change at 10 months but at 16 months deficits in learning and memory (Morris water maze).

Absent
  • Changes in LTP/LTD at

    Unchanged at 12 months.

No Data
  • Plaques at

    Unknown.

Genes Mutations Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition
MAPT MAPT A152T MAPT: Knock-In Alzheimer's Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia, Other Tauopathy

Tangles in hippocampus, cortex, and spinal cord at 3 months with age-dependent increases. Tau hyperphosphorylation, conformation changes, and mislocalization observed. Age-dependent loss of synapses.

Age-dependent learning and memory deficits in the Morris water maze. Motor functions normal.

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TauA152T-AAV

Observed
  1. X
    Neuronal Loss at 10

    Neuron loss in cortex, seen at 3 months.

  2. X
    Gliosis at 11

    Astrogliosis, but not microgliosis, seen at 3 months.

  3. X
    Cognitive Impairment at 12

    Deficits in contextual and cued fear conditioning, seen at 3 months.

Absent
No Data
  • Plaques at

    No data.

  • Tangles at

    No data.

  • Synaptic Loss at

    No data.

  • Changes in LTP/LTD at

    No data.

Genes Mutations Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition
MAPT MAPT A152T MAPT: Virus Alzheimer's Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia, Other Tauopathy

Neuron loss and astrogliosis were observed in the cortices of 3-month-old mice.

Compared with GFP-AAV controls, TauA152T-AAV mice showed deficits in contextual and cued fear conditioning, increased hyperactivity, and decreased rearing in the open-field test, and spent more time in the open arms of the elevated plus maze. TauA152T-AAV mice also exhibited motor impairment on the Rotarod.

expand