Research Models

Selected Results

1 Models

Name Other Names Strain Name Genetic Background Gene Mutation Modification Info Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition Other Phenotype Availability Primary Paper Visualization
Mouse Models (1)
Tau 10 + 16 , Tau(10+16 intron mutation)Tg, line 609 B6C3F1 embryos, backcrossed to C57BL/6 MAPT MAPT IVS10+16 C>T This model expresses a tau minigene driven by the mouse CAMKII╬▒ promoter. The minigene encodes human tau 441, including partial intronic sequences flanking exon 10 of MAPT. The intronic mutation, IVS10 +16 C>T, was introduced by site-directed mutagenesis. MAPT: Transgenic Frontotemporal Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Other Tauopathy Aggregated tau in neurons of the entorhinal cortex, hippocampus, and cerebral cortex at advanced ages. Intraneuronal accumulation of tau oligomers in the hippocampus. Neuronal loss in the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. Gliosis. Some hippocampal areas affected by age-related synaptic dysfunction and reduced synaptic density. Impaired spatial reference memory as measured by the Morris water maze by 6 months of age.  Human tau transcripts containing exon 10 are over-represented in the adult mouse brain, leading to elevated levels of 4R tau relative to 3R tau. Available through Hiroshi Mori and Takami Tomiyama Umeda et al., 2013 Yes

1 Visualizations

AD-related Research Models

Phenotypes Examined

  • Plaques
  • Tangles
  • Neuronal Loss
  • Gliosis
  • Synaptic Loss
  • Changes in LTP/LTD
  • Cognitive Impairment

When visualized, these phenotypes will distributed over a 18 month timeline demarcated at the following intervals: 3mo, 6mo, 9mo, 1yr, 15mo, 18mo+.

Tau609 (Tau 10 + 16)

Observed
  1. X
    Tangles at 65

    Gallyas silver-positive intracellular inclusions of hyperphosphorylated tau aggregates in the entorhinal cortex at 15 months, and in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex at 24 months, but not at 18 months.

  2. X
    Neuronal Loss at 65

    Significant loss of NeuN-positive neurons in layer II of the entorhinal cortex at 15 months, and in the hippocampal CA1 region at 24 months, compared with non-Tg controls. No difference in the hippocampus at 18 months.

  3. X
    Gliosis at 52

    At 12 months of age, Iba1-positive cells are observed. GFAP is observed at 24 months of age.

  4. X
    Synaptic Loss at 28

    Reduced synaptic density at 6 months of age in select hippocampal areas compared to non-Tg mice and those expressing wild-type human tau. Densities in other areas were comparable until later ages (i.e., 24 months).

  5. X
    Changes in LTP/LTD at 26

    Some changes in basal synaptic transmission and significant impairment of LTP evident by 6 months of age in some regions of the hippocampus.

  6. X
    Cognitive Impairment at 26

    Deficits in spatial reference memory by 6 months of age as measured by the Morris water maze. No difference from non-Tg littermates at 4 months of age.

Absent
  • Plaques at

    Absent.

No Data
Genes Mutations Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition
MAPT MAPT IVS10+16 C>T MAPT: Transgenic Frontotemporal Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Other Tauopathy

Aggregated tau in neurons of the entorhinal cortex, hippocampus, and cerebral cortex at advanced ages. Intraneuronal accumulation of tau oligomers in the hippocampus. Neuronal loss in the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. Gliosis. Some hippocampal areas affected by age-related synaptic dysfunction and reduced synaptic density.

Impaired spatial reference memory as measured by the Morris water maze by 6 months of age. 

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