Research Models

Selected Results

1 Models

Name Other Names Strain Name Genetic Background Gene Mutation Modification Info Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition Other Phenotype Availability Primary Paper Visualization
Mouse Models (1)
Osaka, APP(OSK)-Tg, APP Osaka mutation transgenic, APPOSK-Tg mice, APPOSK mice B6C3F1, back-crossed to C57Bl/6 APP APP E693del (Osaka) Transgenic expression of human APP695 with the Osaka mutation driven by the mouse prion promoter. APP: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease Age-dependent accumulation of Aβ oligomers within hippocampal and cortical neurons, but negligible deposits of extracellular amyloid. Abnormal tau phosphorylation, but no overt tangle pathology. Synaptic loss and gliosis in hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Late neuronal loss in the CA3 region of the hippocampus. Memory impairment by eight months as measured by the Morris water maze. Specifically, reduced spatial reference memory in the Morris water maze compared to mice expressing comparable levels of wild-type human APP. Available through Hiroshi Mori and Takami Tomiyama Tomiyama et al., 2010 Yes

1 Visualizations

AD-related Research Models

Phenotypes Examined

  • Plaques
  • Tangles
  • Neuronal Loss
  • Gliosis
  • Synaptic Loss
  • Changes in LTP/LTD
  • Cognitive Impairment

When visualized, these phenotypes will distributed over a 18 month timeline demarcated at the following intervals: 3mo, 6mo, 9mo, 1yr, 15mo, 18mo+.

APP E693Δ-Tg (Osaka)

Observed
  1. X
    Neuronal Loss at 104

    Neuronal loss, as measured by NeuN staining, was observed in the CA3 region of the hippocampus at 24 months of age. Neuronal loss was not detected in the cerebral cortex at this time.

  2. X
    Gliosis at 52

    At 12 months of age, microgliosis is seen in transgenic mice, as measured by the presence of Iba-1 staining in the hippocampus and cortex. Astrocytosis, as measured by GFAP-reactivity, increased starting around 18 months of age in these regions.

  3. X
    Synaptic Loss at 34

    Starting around eight months of age, transgenic mice exhibit a decrease in synaptic density in the CA3 region of the hippocampus as measured by synaptophysin staining.

  4. X
    Changes in LTP/LTD at 35

    By eight months of age, transgenic mice exhibit reduced short term plasticity as measured by paired-pulse facilitation in addition to reduced LTP as elicited by high frequency stimulation to the perforant pathway.

  5. X
    Cognitive Impairment at 36

    By 8 months of age, transgenic mice exhibit memory impairment in the Morris water maze compared to mice expressing equivalent levels of wild-type human APP.

Absent
  • Plaques at

    Extracelluar amyloid plaques are not observed out to 24 months; however, Aβ accumulates within neurons of the hippocampus and cerebral cortex starting around eight months of age.

  • Tangles at

    Overt tangle pathology is not observed out to 24 months of age, but abnormal tau phosphorylation is observed starting around eight months of age.

No Data
Genes Mutations Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition
APP APP E693del (Osaka) APP: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease

Age-dependent accumulation of Aβ oligomers within hippocampal and cortical neurons, but negligible deposits of extracellular amyloid. Abnormal tau phosphorylation, but no overt tangle pathology. Synaptic loss and gliosis in hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Late neuronal loss in the CA3 region of the hippocampus.

Memory impairment by eight months as measured by the Morris water maze. Specifically, reduced spatial reference memory in the Morris water maze compared to mice expressing comparable levels of wild-type human APP.

expand