Research Models

Selected Results

2 Models

Name Other Names Strain Name Genetic Background Gene Mutation Modification Info Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition Other Phenotype Availability Primary Paper Visualization
Mouse Models (2)
Tg-Swe C57BL/6J APP APP KM670/671NL (Swedish) Transgene with human APP (isoform 695) bearing the Swedish mutation under the murine Thy1 promoter. APP: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease Extracellular amyloid deposition begins at ~12 months. Intraneuronal Aβ aggregates at ~6 months. Extracellular pathology, both cerebrovascular amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and congophilic parenchymal plaques, mainly found in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus and thalamus. Aβ-burden in cerebral cortex is approximately 1.0% (at 12 months) and 2.8% (at 18 months). Unknown. Available through Lars Nilsson Philipson et al., 2009, Lord et al., 2006 Yes
tg ArcSwe, APP-ArcSwe C57BL/6J APP APP KM670/671NL (Swedish), APP E693G (Arctic) Transgene with human APP (isoform 695) containing both the Arctic (E693G) and Swedish (KM670/671NL) mutations under the murine Thy1 promoter. APP: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease, Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy Strong intraneuronal Aβ aggregation starting at 1 month and increasing with age. Extracellular amyloid plaque at 5-6 months, most consistent in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and thalamus. Congophilic parenchymal plaques are predominant, but some mice show marked CAA, particularly in the thalamus. Mild spatial learning deficits at 4-8 months in Morris water maze and impaired functioning in a passive avoidance test at 16 months. Tg-ArcSwe have reduced body weight compared with nontransgenic littermates. Available through Lars Nilsson Lord et al., 2006 Yes

2 Visualizations

AD-related Research Models

Phenotypes Examined

  • Plaques
  • Tangles
  • Neuronal Loss
  • Gliosis
  • Synaptic Loss
  • Changes in LTP/LTD
  • Cognitive Impairment

When visualized, these phenotypes will distributed over a 18 month timeline demarcated at the following intervals: 3mo, 6mo, 9mo, 1yr, 15mo, 18mo+.

tg-APPSwe

Observed
  1. X
    Plaques at 52

    Plaques are detectable at approximately 12 months and are heterogeneous in morphological structure and size, as well as in terms of fluorescence emitted when stained with luminescent polymers (conformational amyloid ligands)(Philipsson et al., 2009).

  2. X
    Gliosis at 52

    Microgliosis and astrogliosis are most prominent in the hippocampus, but also found locally around deposits in the cerebral cortex and in thalamus at approximately 12 months (Philipsson et al., 2009).

Absent
  • Tangles at

    Absent.

  • Neuronal Loss at

    Absent.

No Data
  • Synaptic Loss at

    Unknown.

  • Changes in LTP/LTD at

    Unknown.

  • Cognitive Impairment at

    Unknown.

Genes Mutations Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition
APP APP KM670/671NL (Swedish) APP: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease

Extracellular amyloid deposition begins at ~12 months. Intraneuronal Aβ aggregates at ~6 months. Extracellular pathology, both cerebrovascular amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and congophilic parenchymal plaques, mainly found in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus and thalamus. Aβ-burden in cerebral cortex is approximately 1.0% (at 12 months) and 2.8% (at 18 months).

Unknown.

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Tg-ArcSwe

Observed
  1. X
    Plaques at 22

    Extracellular amyloid plaque deposition starts at around 5-6 months of age (Lord et al., 2006) and is most consistently present in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and thalamus (Lillehaug et al., 2013).

  2. X
    Gliosis at 26

    Microgliosis and astrogliosis most prominent in the hippocampus, but also locally around deposits in the cerebral cortex and thalamus.

  3. X
    Cognitive Impairment at 17

    Transgene-dependent spatial learning impairment in the Morris water maze (4-8 months) (Lord et al., 2009) and in an Intellicage-based Passive Avoidance test (16 months)(Codita et al., 2010).

Absent
  • Tangles at

    Absent.

  • Neuronal Loss at

    Absent.

No Data
  • Synaptic Loss at

    Unknown.

  • Changes in LTP/LTD at

    Unknown.

Genes Mutations Modification Disease Neuropathology Behavior/Cognition
APP APP KM670/671NL (Swedish), APP E693G (Arctic) APP: Transgenic Alzheimer's Disease, Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy

Strong intraneuronal Aβ aggregation starting at 1 month and increasing with age. Extracellular amyloid plaque at 5-6 months, most consistent in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and thalamus. Congophilic parenchymal plaques are predominant, but some mice show marked CAA, particularly in the thalamus.

Mild spatial learning deficits at 4-8 months in Morris water maze and impaired functioning in a passive avoidance test at 16 months.

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