. Impaired insulin and insulin-like growth factor expression and signaling mechanisms in Alzheimer's disease--is this type 3 diabetes?. J Alzheimers Dis. 2005 Feb;7(1):63-80. PubMed.


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  1. Besides some interesting new aspects, this paper contains old wine in new wineskins. Especially the local synthesis of insulin in the brain has been shown so many times before by different researchers (Havrankova, Dorn, Bermstein, Vilanova, Raizada, Frolich, Schechter and others).

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