Mutations

PSEN2 G359Lfs*74 (Intron 11 delAG)

Overview

Pathogenicity: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis : Not Classified
Clinical Phenotype: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Reference Assembly: GRCh37/hg19
Position: Chr1:227081706-227081707 AG>--
dbSNP ID: NA
Coding/Non-Coding: Both
Mutation Type: Deletion
Reference Isoform: PSEN2 Isoform 1 (448 aa)
Genomic Region: Intron 11

Findings

This mutation involves the deletion of an adenine and guanine in intron 11 which abolishes the canonical splice acceptor site of exon 12 (Perrone et al., 2018). This leads to exon 12 skipping and a frameshift starting at codon G359 which generates a new termination codon in the 3’ UTR.

The variant was reported in a patient with Moroccan ancestry who was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A single heterozygote of non-Finnish European ancestry was reported in the gnomAD database (v2.1.1, Nov 2021).

Perrone and colleagues also identified two Belgian individuals with a related variant involving a deletion of a single nucleotide in the same splice acceptor site that results in the same frameshift, G359Lfs*74 (Intron 11 delA). One of these patients was diagnosed with amnestic mild cognitive impairment at age 55, and the other developed AD symptoms after age 78.

Neuropathology

Unknown.

Biological effect

The biological effect of this mutation is unknown, but the related G359Lfs*74 (Intron 11 delA) mutation appears to reduce PSEN2 stability (Perrone et al., 2018). Mutant protein levels were more than fourfold reduced compared with those of the wild type protein. The reduction was alleviated by proteasome inhibition in lymphoblasts isolated from a mutation carrier.

Although G359Lfs*74 (Intron 11 delA) had a CADD-PHRED score of 23.9 suggesting it is in the top one percent of deleterious variants, Perrone and co-workers considered the mutation was unlikely to play a role in the patients’ pathologies given their distinct phenotypes.

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2021

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References

Paper Citations

  1. . Genetic screening in early-onset dementia patients with unclear phenotype: relevance for clinical diagnosis. Neurobiol Aging. 2018 Sep;69:292.e7-292.e14. Epub 2018 May 9 PubMed.

Other Citations

  1. G359Lfs*74

Further Reading

No Available Further Reading

Protein Diagram

Primary Papers

  1. . Genetic screening in early-onset dementia patients with unclear phenotype: relevance for clinical diagnosis. Neurobiol Aging. 2018 Sep;69:292.e7-292.e14. Epub 2018 May 9 PubMed.

Other mutations at this position

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