Mutations

PSEN1 A409T

Overview

Pathogenicity: Alzheimer's Disease : Pathogenic
Clinical Phenotype: Alzheimer's Disease
Reference Assembly: GRCh37 (105)
Position: Chr14:73683929 G>A
dbSNP ID: rs63750227
Coding/Non-Coding: Coding
Mutation Type: Point, Missense
Codon Change: GCC to ACC
Reference Isoform: PSEN1 isoform 1 (467 aa)
Genomic Region: Exon 11

Findings

This mutation was found in a 58-year-old AD patient without a family history of AD. The mutation was absent from a sample of 100 non-demented individuals 60 to 85 years old (Aldudo et al., 1999).

Neuropathology 

Unknown.

Biological Effect

An in vitro assay using purified proteins to test the ability of this mutant to cleave the APP-C99 substrate revealed decreased Aβ40 and Aβ42 production, and a decreased Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio (Sun et al., 2017).

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2019

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References

Paper Citations

  1. . DGGE method for the mutational analysis of the coding and proximal promoter regions of the Alzheimer's disease presenilin-1 gene: two novel mutations. Hum Mutat. 1999;14(5):433-9. PubMed.
  2. . Analysis of 138 pathogenic mutations in presenilin-1 on the in vitro production of Aβ42 and Aβ40 peptides by γ-secretase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Jan 24;114(4):E476-E485. Epub 2016 Dec 5 PubMed.

Further Reading

Learn More

  1. Alzheimer Disease & Frontotemporal Dementia Mutation Database

Protein Diagram

Primary Papers

  1. . DGGE method for the mutational analysis of the coding and proximal promoter regions of the Alzheimer's disease presenilin-1 gene: two novel mutations. Hum Mutat. 1999;14(5):433-9. PubMed.

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