Data from Phase 3 trials of elenbecestat show no harm to cognition, leaving open a chance that the drugs could be used safely in the future.
New research implicates IL-6 signaling and even Aβ42 itself as BACE targets, complicating efforts to resurrect BACE inhibitors at a low dose.
At AD/PD 2021, clinicians discussed neurological symptoms and brain tissue damage in older people who died from COVID-19.
By shifting to home nursing and telemedicine, clinical researchers kept inching ahead during lockdowns.
In therapy-like paradigm, suppressing ApoE4 in astrocytes toned down tauopathy. This assuaged microglia, neurodegeneration, and revived nest-building.
Sending low-intensity, gamma frequency electric current through the brain boosted short-term memory, perhaps by increasing cholinergic transmission.
In cell culture, neurons with the strongest expression of cell-cycle proteins survived best in the presence of Aβ oligomers.
Disruption of the membraneless organelles may explain toxicity of tau aggregates.
In early stage trials, light and sound promoted neuronal communication, calmed immune cells, and slowed brain atrophy, but cognitive benefit remains unclear.
A new trial will compare digital and blood-based biomarkers to amyloid PET scans in order to learn which ones best pick out early plaque accumulation.
Incorporation of a cryptic exon scuttles translation of UNC13A, but only in neurons lacking nuclear TDP-43. UNC13A ALS/FTD risk variants exacerbate the aberrant splicing.
Instead of chewing up and disposing of the amyloid they ingest, microglia appear to compact it, then spit it back out as dense-core plaque.
In postmortem brain, proteins involved in all manner of vesicular functions waxed or waned with increasing phases of disease, starting years prior to symptoms.
People who develop Type 2 diabetes before age 60 have more than double the dementia risk, and earlier dementia onset, than those without diabetes.
The first whole-genome manipulation of protein expression in neurons by CRISPR reveals a deadly chain of events. Bad processing by lysosomes leads to build-up of lipids and iron. Oxidative stress revs up. Neurons die by ferroptosis.