Data from Phase 3 trials of elenbecestat show no harm to cognition, leaving open a chance that the drugs could be used safely in the future.
New research implicates IL-6 signaling and even Aβ42 itself as BACE targets, complicating efforts to resurrect BACE inhibitors at a low dose.
At AD/PD 2021, clinicians discussed neurological symptoms and brain tissue damage in older people who died from COVID-19.
By shifting to home nursing and telemedicine, clinical researchers kept inching ahead during lockdowns.
In therapy-like paradigm, suppressing ApoE4 in astrocytes toned down tauopathy. This assuaged microglia, neurodegeneration, and revived nest-building.
Sending low-intensity, gamma frequency electric current through the brain boosted short-term memory, perhaps by increasing cholinergic transmission.
In cell culture, neurons with the strongest expression of cell-cycle proteins survived best in the presence of Aβ oligomers.
Disruption of the membraneless organelles may explain toxicity of tau aggregates.
In early stage trials, light and sound promoted neuronal communication, calmed immune cells, and slowed brain atrophy, but cognitive benefit remains unclear.
New data presented at the AD/PD conference offer the first evidence that a brain-shuttle strategy can work in people; the lecanemab and aducanumab antibody programs offer small updates.
The field is shifting from targeting tau’s tips to its mid-region, especially where tau binds microtubules. Several new candidates are in the clinic; whether the strategy will work remains to be seen.
The first whole-genome manipulation of protein expression in neurons by CRISPR reveals a deadly chain of events. Bad processing by lysosomes leads to build-up of lipids and iron. Oxidative stress revs up. Neurons die by ferroptosis.
Grappling with a rare disease whose variability is daunting, international cohort studies are charting the natural history of FTD. They have discovered biomarkers and honed physiological tests that underlie its behavioral symptoms.
African Americans are likelier than non-Hispanic Caucasians to carry low-expression TREM2 variants, and less likely to carry a high-expression variant. As a result, they have less soluble TREM2 in their cerebrospinal fluid.
Epidemiology study reveals 1.5-times higher risk of dementia after herpes virus infection. Short-term antiviral treatment appears to lower risk.