In mouse brain slices at least, tau shuffles in and out of protein inclusions. The tangles grew more inert as the tissue aged.
Sensor algorithms can accurately capture patterns of resting tremor and dyskinesia. This could help clinicians manage symptoms and medication.
When cultured with human neurons expressing a familial Alzheimer’s gene, both microglia and astrocytes were necessary to spike complement C3 and send inflammation into overdrive.
By comparing protein changes with GWAS data, scientists identified new links to AD. This method can unearth genes that otherwise fall short of genome-wide significance.
Among 14 familial Alzheimer’s APP mutations, two don’t change the Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio, but all of them yield long peptides of 45 to 49 residues that hide out in the membrane.
In mouse models of Aβ toxicity and amyloidosis, inhibiting the integrated stress response restored protein production, spared synapses, and brought back memory.
Plaques abound, cytokines spike, microglia swell with lipids and send out spermine SOS signals in Denali model. Mice will be shared, allowing unrestricted use.
By tracing the transcriptomes of neurons that wither early and late in the course of Alzheimer’s disease, researchers peg subpopulations of excitatory neurons in entorhinal cortex as selectively vulnerable to tau. Reactive astrocytes aid and abet.
People who carry the ApoE4 variant are more likely to succumb to the virus. In vitro, SARS-CoV-2 infects more ApoE4 than ApoE3 brain cells. Astrocytes were activated, neurons degenerated.
The first ultrasensitive plasma test for this old marker differentiates Alzheimer’s from healthy controls and non-AD dementias. It segregates people stepwise at phases of pathogenesis down to Braak stages 1 and 2 and below amyloid PET positivity.
People who report not participating in social or cognitive activities are more likely to develop dementia within the next few years, but not after that. The findings cast nonparticipation as a consequence, not a cause, of neurodegeneration.
Transcriptomic and epigenomic data pin PD risk genes in GWAS loci; six affect splicing, five expression, four are new.
Researchers unearthed 75 risk loci, 42 of them new, and nominated candidate genes for each. A polygenic risk score based on all variants predicted AD risk with high accuracy.
In a mouse model of cortical multiple sclerosis, microglia and monocytes swooped in to gobble up synapses when dendritic calcium rose. Spines grew back once inflammation subsided.
A large multinational epidemiology study finds only small and inconsistent associations.