In postmortem brain, proteins involved in all manner of vesicular functions waxed or waned with increasing phases of disease, starting years prior to symptoms.
The iPSC Neurodegenerative Disease Initiative is creating 100+ isogenic cell lines. Each carries a different risk variant for Alzheimer's or a related dementia. Scientists around the world can obtain the cells through Jackson Labs.
The first detailed look at expression profiles in blood vessels of the human brain identifies new cell subtypes. These cells express 30 of the top 45 AD risk genes.
Unlike iPSC-derived neurons, those created directly from fibroblasts reflect the donor's age and disease status. Epigenetic modifications appear to make the difference.
Activating the G protein-coupled receptor PAC1R in the mouse brain prompts the proteasome to clear tangles.
Downregulation of a chemokine receptor traps T cells in the meninges. Glymph drainage slows, amyloid burden rises.
New research suggests the R47H variant protects neurons from neurodegeneration, raising questions about staging and direction of future TREM2-based therapy.
By suppressing a single gene, scientists triggered the transformation of astrocytes into neurons in the mouse substantia nigra, where the converts released dopamine and connected with the striatum.
Alector’s AL002c antibody mobilizes microglia, reduces neuronal dystrophy, and restores normal behavior—all in mice. The clinical version is in Phase 1.
A mouse study claims that the small GTPase restrains pro-inflammatory responses in microglia. Aβ oligomers inhibit RhoA, promoting Aβ deposition and neurodegeneration.
Released from hippocampal neurons in response to experience, the cytokine prompted microglia to eat extracellular matrix around synapses. This facilitated growth of new spines, and sharpened memory.
This early marker distinguishes Alzheimer’s from controls and other neurodegenerative diseases more accurately than other biomarkers.
In large population datasets, people who had been vaccinated against influenza or pneumonia appeared less likely to develop AD.
Comprising mostly Aβ40, these large plaques are shot through with strange tubular structures and BBB markers. They are common in early onset AD.
Expert panel concludes there’s little risk based on current evidence.