Homozygous carriers of GM17—a common IgG1 variant the HSV-1 virus has evolved to evade—had quadruple the risk of developing AD. In a small Swedish cohort, that is.
Three young monkeys missing exon 9 of presenilin 1 seem to have an elevated Aβ42/40 ratio. It remains to be seen if they will develop plaques and tangles as they age.
The R1279Q variant of angiotensin-converting enzyme associates with AD and causes neurodegeneration in mice. In a model of amyloidosis, it accelerates decline.
The rare ApoE3 Christchurch variant prevented tau tangles, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline in a woman’s brain for decades, despite massive amyloid buildup from a familial presenilin AD mutation.
No link found with amyloid deposition.
While former professional soccer players have less risk for heart disease and cancer than the general population, they are five times more likely to die with a neurodegenerative disease in old age.
While gene-based therapy for late-onset AD may seem distant, rare neurological disorders could point the way.
A small molecule binds the retromer complex, preventing Aβ accumulation, tau hyperphosphorylation, and their downstream consequences in mice.
Quite independently of what it does to Aβ or tau, ApoE4 stokes α-synuclein pathology in mouse models. People with Lewy body dementia who carry ApoE4 had more phosphorylated synuclein in their brains, and their cognition declined faster.
Centenarians who scored high on the MMSE stayed cognitively and physically active over the next two years, even if they carried genetic risk factors for Alzheimer’s. What protects these lucky few?
The slowdown of proteasomes stymied TDP-43’s entry into the nucleus and promoted its aggregation in the cytoplasm.
Massive meta-analysis finds the longevity gene’s VS haplotype staves off mild cognitive impairment and AD. It reduces amyloid burden.
This update of the Allen Brain Institute atlas reveals detailed anatomical structures and provides a common framework for comparing brain datasets.
Separately, cerebrovascular disease drove an uptick in neurofilament light in the brain, indicating neurodegeneration.
The plasma biomarker neurofilament light was able to distinguish individual mutation carriers from noncarriers three years prior to onset.