In several model systems, α-synuclein boosts oleic acid production and the fatty acid worsens α-synuclein pathology.
In presynapses, binding sequesters synaptic vesicles.
Two independent studies find that loss of nuclear TDP-43 leads to mis-splicing of stathmin 2, an essential protein for axon growth and repair.
Aberrant gene-expression patterns found to be common to human neurodegenerative disease and animal models. MicroRNA and epigenetic modification may be to blame.
Boosting sTREM2 in the brain rallied microglia to clear Aβ plaques, restored synaptic plasticity, and even rescued memory deficits in mice.
In response to the peptide, these little cells squeeze capillaries, constricting them. This may contribute to neuronal dysfunction.
Longitudinal data identifies four stages of amyloid plaque buildup, with the earliest deposits appearing in the precuneus and posterior cingulate.
Co-sponsors Banner, Novartis, and Amgen announced that they will stop testing CNP520 in two Phase 2/3 studies in people at risk of AD. The drug worsened cognition.
Longitudinal ADNI data tie higher sTREM2 in CSF to slower cognitive decline, reinforcing the idea that TREM2 activity protects the brain from AD pathology.
Hypertension in people as young as the mid-30s can predict late-life cerebrovascular disease and brain shrinkage. Intensive reduction of blood pressure can prevent the damage, but not when given in late life.
Biogen and Eisai announced the discontinuation of the Phase 3 program. Elenbecestat was the only remaining BACE inhibitor being tested for AD.
The same endothelial cell response is found in various models of brain disease.
These cells accumulate in old mouse and human hippocampi, as well as in a mouse model of neurodegenerative disease.
Specific patterns of expression defined distinct subtypes of neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia in this early affected brain region.
Cataloguing enhancer-promoter interactions in the four major cell types of the brain, researchers found that Alzheimer’s risk variants predominantly appeared in microglial enhancers.