Trialists are shooting new arrows at the disease, including compounds that tweak autophagy, neuroinflammation, and glycolipid recycling.
Chemicals and particulates may slip across the blood-brain barrier or travel up olfactory nerves to directly affect brain cells. What are the consequences for cognition?
Growing evidence suggests exposure to air pollution increases risk of brain damage and dementia. More definitive research is needed.
Using a form of confocal microscopy and automated software, the method allows researchers to rapidly identify functional synapses within brain structures.
People who lived in impoverished neighborhoods in their last year of life had greater odds of having died with AD neuropathology.
Islet amyloid protein and Aβ fibrils share similar folds.
Researchers used PET scans from 4,000 people to link RBFOX1 risk variants to amyloidosis. People with lower RBFOX1 expression in their brains had more amyloid and worse cognition.
Autopsy data confirm that current tau PET tracers are unsuitable for some primary tauopathies. CryoEM structures help researchers find new ligands for tau and α-synuclein.
At the HAI 2020 conference, the tracers PI-2620 and APN-1607 appeared to bind frontotemporal dementia tau. MK-6240 looked highly sensitive. And JNJ-067 and SNFT-1 are two new kids in town.
The findings hint at a liver-brain axis that transmits inflammation from periphery to brain, and could suggest therapeutic targets for preserving brain function.
The tracer distinguished people with progressive supranuclear palsy from controls with a sensitivity of 85 percent, suggesting potential as a diagnostic for 4R tauopathies.
In striatal spiny projection neurons with mutant huntingtin, mitochondria spill immunogenic RNAs into the cytosol. These touch off innate antiviral signaling inside the neurons, which may spell their demise.
New genetic variants emerged by harmonizing whole-exome-sequencing data across continents, and by using imputation to plumb the depths of existing GWAS. One variant encodes a microglial phospholipid transporter.
A slight drop in hospital admissions after amyloid PET, especially in people with positive scans, fell well short of the prespecified endpoint. Still, IDEAS is broadening into a research platform, and IDEAS 2 will add racial diversity.
In updating their broad evaluation of the risk literature, the commission blamed three more modifiable factors for causing 6 percent of all dementia, concluding that 40 percent of cases can be prevented.