Behold single proteins on the move: Super-resolution microscopy of living cells suggests the infamous protease does not form complexes with other secretases in the plasma membrane—in mouse fibroblasts, that is.
Tissue from 13-week-old fetuses carrying the huntingtin repeat expansion shows defects in neuronal polarity and proliferation, which lead to fewer neurons populating some brain regions.
Homozygous carriers of GM17—a common IgG1 variant the HSV-1 virus has evolved to evade—had quadruple the risk of developing AD. In a small Swedish cohort, that is.
This neuronal protein regulates the complement cascade in the developing brain. Could it do the same in aging or neurodegenerative disease?
In the Alzheimer’s brain, too, plaques trigger a coordinated inflammatory response from microglia and astrocytes. A preprint paper had shown the same for mice.
A 2018 report that had spotted extra copies of APP lurking in neuronal genomes has come under scrutiny, with claims that the result is due to contamination. Does a response from the original authors bolster their claim?
Released from hippocampal neurons in response to experience, the cytokine prompted microglia to eat extracellular matrix around synapses. This facilitated growth of new spines, and sharpened memory.
This early marker distinguishes Alzheimer’s from controls and other neurodegenerative diseases more accurately than other biomarkers.
In large population datasets, people who had been vaccinated against influenza or pneumonia appeared less likely to develop AD.
New drug application is first for Alzheimer’s disease in the U.S. since 2003, and first based on amyloid hypothesis.
The findings hint at a liver-brain axis that transmits inflammation from periphery to brain, and could suggest therapeutic targets for preserving brain function.
The tracer distinguished people with progressive supranuclear palsy from controls with a sensitivity of 85 percent, suggesting potential as a diagnostic for 4R tauopathies.
In striatal spiny projection neurons with mutant huntingtin, mitochondria spill immunogenic RNAs into the cytosol. These touch off innate antiviral signaling inside the neurons, which may spell their demise.
Poor coordination among grid cells in the entorhinal cortex and place cells in the hippocampus compromises navigation. Grid cells fail first.
New genetic variants emerged by harmonizing whole-exome-sequencing data across continents, and by using imputation to plumb the depths of existing GWAS. One variant encodes a microglial phospholipid transporter.