Umbilical cord stem cells from presenilin 1 E280A carriers, once differentiated into cholinergic-like neurons, pumped out Aβ42 and accumulated phosphorylated tau and apoptotic markers.
Induced neurons lacking the Alzheimer’s risk gene can’t properly recycle APP.
In stark contrast to Aβ and tau fibrils, α-synuclein fibrils are asymmetric, comprising two different protofibrils.
In cell culture, slashing Aβ production by more than half harmed neuronal signaling, but a smaller cut maintained it.
A half-dozen lesser-known compounds in trials for Alzheimer’s disease posted results at the CTAD conference.
New research suggests the R47H variant protects neurons from neurodegeneration, raising questions about staging and direction of future TREM2-based therapy.
By suppressing a single gene, scientists triggered the transformation of astrocytes into neurons in the mouse substantia nigra, where the converts released dopamine and connected with the striatum.
Compared with people who carry two copies of ApoE3 or ApoE4, ApoE2 homozygotes had an 87 and 99.6 percent lower risk for AD, respectively.
Alector’s AL002c antibody mobilizes microglia, reduces neuronal dystrophy, and restores normal behavior—all in mice. The clinical version is in Phase 1.
A mouse study claims that the small GTPase restrains pro-inflammatory responses in microglia. Aβ oligomers inhibit RhoA, promoting Aβ deposition and neurodegeneration.
At the at Tau2020 conference, scientists show high-resolution cryoEM of α-synuclein. Two different types of fibril are composed of asymmetric protofibril units.
Released from hippocampal neurons in response to experience, the cytokine prompted microglia to eat extracellular matrix around synapses. This facilitated growth of new spines, and sharpened memory.
This early marker distinguishes Alzheimer’s from controls and other neurodegenerative diseases more accurately than other biomarkers.
In large population datasets, people who had been vaccinated against influenza or pneumonia appeared less likely to develop AD.
Comprising mostly Aβ40, these large plaques are shot through with strange tubular structures and BBB markers. They are common in early onset AD.