Tissue from 13-week-old fetuses carrying the huntingtin repeat expansion shows defects in neuronal polarity and proliferation, which lead to fewer neurons populating some brain regions.
Homozygous carriers of GM17—a common IgG1 variant the HSV-1 virus has evolved to evade—had quadruple the risk of developing AD. In a small Swedish cohort, that is.
Three young monkeys missing exon 9 of presenilin 1 seem to have an elevated Aβ42/40 ratio. It remains to be seen if they will develop plaques and tangles as they age.
Spewed by stressed microglia, fragments of the organelles provoke mitochondrial fission in other cells, causing astrogliosis and neuronal loss.
Resident T cells in the membrane surrounding the healthy mouse brain influence both short-term memory and synaptic plasticity.
The resource boasts 56 stem cell lines derived from tau mutation carriers, patients with sporadic disease, healthy controls, and engineered isogenic lines, including some that have their mutation corrected by CRISPR.
The rare ApoE3 Christchurch variant prevented tau tangles, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline in a woman’s brain for decades, despite massive amyloid buildup from a familial presenilin AD mutation.
A new study argues that the duration of a person’s amyloid positivity predicts whether they’ll develop tau accumulation and cognitive decline.
No link found with amyloid deposition.
While former professional soccer players have less risk for heart disease and cancer than the general population, they are five times more likely to die with a neurodegenerative disease in old age.
While gene-based therapy for late-onset AD may seem distant, rare neurological disorders could point the way.
A small molecule binds the retromer complex, preventing Aβ accumulation, tau hyperphosphorylation, and their downstream consequences in mice.
Quite independently of what it does to Aβ or tau, ApoE4 stokes α-synuclein pathology in mouse models. People with Lewy body dementia who carry ApoE4 had more phosphorylated synuclein in their brains, and their cognition declined faster.
Centenarians who scored high on the MMSE stayed cognitively and physically active over the next two years, even if they carried genetic risk factors for Alzheimer’s. What protects these lucky few?
The slowdown of proteasomes stymied TDP-43’s entry into the nucleus and promoted its aggregation in the cytoplasm.