In a career spanning four decades, Davies spearheaded the cholinergic hypothesis, unlocked secrets of tau, and readily shared antibodies in the field.
A panel of experts concludes the evidence for this scary prospect is weak, but recommends neurosurgeons use separate neurosurgical instruments for young and old patients. The experts called for further studies.
A survey of 16 purported conformation-specific antibodies found that most bound nearly equally well to oligomers and fibrils, and weakly to monomers.
In female mice it’s the other X chromosome, not lack of a Y, that extends life and preserves memory in the face of amyloidosis. A histone demethylase gene partly explains this. It protects people, too.
The antiviral protein enhances γ-secretase processing of APP. More of it is present in Alzheimer’s disease.
Learning tests may prove more informative in clinical trials of early AD. A new one claims it can spot a difference in six days.
Carriers of a rare hypomorphic gene variant develop a frontotemporal dementia that features Alzheimer’s-like neurofibrillary tangles.
The first steps of endocytosis faltered in astrocytes expressing ApoE4, but pumping in PICALM reversed the problem. A new study places two Alzheimer’s risk factors into the same cellular mechanism.
In mice with defective PS1 phosphorylation, microglial autophagy falters, exacerbating Aβ burden.
The first high-resolution look at LRRK2 implies that pathogenic mutations increase binding to microtubules by biasing the kinase domain toward a closed, active conformation.
A C9ORF72 polydipeptide repeat induces aggregation by direct interaction with TDP-43, while progranulin mutations that trigger microglial toxicity cause TDP-43 to accumulate via complement.
While one anti-Aβ antibody thwarts initial seeding of fibrils, and others keep fibrils from lengthening, aducanumab prevents oligomers forming on their surface. In vitro, that is.
Technical limitations may have misrepresented the transcriptional state of these cells, obscuring detection of their activation signature in frozen postmortem tissue from Alzheimer’s brain.
Homozygous carriers of GM17—a common IgG1 variant the HSV-1 virus has evolved to evade—had quadruple the risk of developing AD. In a small Swedish cohort, that is.
Three young monkeys missing exon 9 of presenilin 1 seem to have an elevated Aβ42/40 ratio. It remains to be seen if they will develop plaques and tangles as they age.