Homozygous carriers of GM17—a common IgG1 variant the HSV-1 virus has evolved to evade—had quadruple the risk of developing AD. In a small Swedish cohort, that is.
Three young monkeys missing exon 9 of presenilin 1 seem to have an elevated Aβ42/40 ratio. It remains to be seen if they will develop plaques and tangles as they age.
As the SARS-Cov-2 infection peak passes in some areas, scientists are resuming lab work and clinical studies, albeit with new safety protocols in place. Regions differ greatly in how fast they can reopen.
This neuronal protein regulates the complement cascade in the developing brain. Could it do the same in aging or neurodegenerative disease?
Carriers accumulate fewer tangles than noncarriers for a given amount of amyloid, explaining how the gene variant may lower a person’s Alzheimer’s risk.
In the mouse retina, these tender threads connect pericytes on nearby capillaries. They enable cells to coordinate constriction and dilation of blood vessels in response to neuronal activity.
Without the WD domain of Atg16L1, required for a newly discovered type of endocytosis, old mice develop hallmark pathologies of AD.
Dendritic tau suppresses production of nitric oxide, which prevents blood vessels from dilating in response to neural activity.
In the Alzheimer’s brain, too, plaques trigger a coordinated inflammatory response from microglia and astrocytes. A preprint paper had shown the same for mice.
A 2018 report that had spotted extra copies of APP lurking in neuronal genomes has come under scrutiny, with claims that the result is due to contamination. Does a response from the original authors bolster their claim?
The designer chimera stabilizes synapses in various mouse models of neurodegenerative disease.
By suppressing a single gene, scientists triggered the transformation of astrocytes into neurons in the mouse substantia nigra, where the converts released dopamine and connected with the striatum.
Alector’s AL002c antibody mobilizes microglia, reduces neuronal dystrophy, and restores normal behavior—all in mice. The clinical version is in Phase 1.
A mouse study claims that the small GTPase restrains pro-inflammatory responses in microglia. Aβ oligomers inhibit RhoA, promoting Aβ deposition and neurodegeneration.
Released from hippocampal neurons in response to experience, the cytokine prompted microglia to eat extracellular matrix around synapses. This facilitated growth of new spines, and sharpened memory.