The organelles express unique sets of proteins depending on their environment. Astrocyte mitochondria process lipids better than those in neurons.
New data strengthen the idea that a healthy locus coeruleus keeps memory sharp into old age.
In induced human microglia, the E4 allele profoundly affected their health and cellular responses, while familial Alzheimer’s mutations had little effect.
Sedentary mice infused with the plasma of active ones had more newborn neurons in the brain and less neuroinflammation. Exercising upped plasma clusterin in mice and in humans.
Hypometabolism in the frontal cortex and in the anterior default mode network distinguish the behavioral variant of AD from typical AD.
Overexpressing neuronal A2A receptors stoked C1q in microglia, damaging synapses and memory.
Ablating the immune cells protected mouse models of frontotemporal dementia from the neurodegeneration caused by human ApoE4.
The first ever cryo-EM structures of Aβ fibrils extracted from AD tissue look quite different than prior structures of fibrils generated in vitro. For starters, they are right-hand twisted, not left-hand.
Imaging studies suggest that ApoE4 carriers may be more susceptible to the effects of tangles, particularly if they are women.
Spewed by stressed microglia, fragments of the organelles provoke mitochondrial fission in other cells, causing astrogliosis and neuronal loss.
Resident T cells in the membrane surrounding the healthy mouse brain influence both short-term memory and synaptic plasticity.
The resource boasts 56 stem cell lines derived from tau mutation carriers, patients with sporadic disease, healthy controls, and engineered isogenic lines, including some that have their mutation corrected by CRISPR.
The rare ApoE3 Christchurch variant prevented tau tangles, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline in a woman’s brain for decades, despite massive amyloid buildup from a familial presenilin AD mutation.
A new study argues that the duration of a person’s amyloid positivity predicts whether they’ll develop tau accumulation and cognitive decline.
No link found with amyloid deposition.