Plaques abound, cytokines spike, microglia swell with lipids and send out spermine SOS signals in Denali model. Mice will be shared, allowing unrestricted use.
Assays will help doctors diagnose Alzheimer’s disease and amnestic mild cognitive impairment in Taiwanese clinics.
Among 14 familial Alzheimer’s APP mutations, two don’t change the Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio, but all of them yield long peptides of 45 to 49 residues that hide out in the membrane.
In response to an FDA request, the drug’s sponsor submitted new data analyses. The agency moved the action date to June 7.
By comparing protein changes with GWAS data, scientists identified new links to AD. This method can unearth genes that otherwise fall short of genome-wide significance.
Despite plaques and tangles in the brain, this group, on average, maintains their cognitive skills over two to four years, suggesting the presence of resilience factors.
Plaque-ridden 5xFAD mice were no better at fending off an intracerebral herpes virus infection than their wild-type counterparts. The virus was not to be found within Aβ plaques and did not spur plaques to form.
In a mouse model of cortical multiple sclerosis, microglia and monocytes swooped in to gobble up synapses when dendritic calcium rose. Spines grew back once inflammation subsided.
People who carry the ApoE4 variant are more likely to succumb to the virus. In vitro, SARS-CoV-2 infects more ApoE4 than ApoE3 brain cells. Astrocytes were activated, neurons degenerated.
Some people with severe COVID-19 have neurovascular injury and elevated markers of neural damage in their blood and CSF. What’s going on in their brains?
A large multinational epidemiology study finds only small and inconsistent associations.
Aging macrophages and microglia poorly burn glucose and enter an inflammatory state. Revving their metabolism preserved synapses and memory in mice. What does prostaglandin have to do with it?
By tracing the transcriptomes of neurons that wither early and late in the course of Alzheimer’s disease, researchers peg subpopulations of excitatory neurons in entorhinal cortex as selectively vulnerable to tau. Reactive astrocytes aid and abet.
The blood-based marker may be far more scalable and cost-effective for tracking the disease than PET imaging and CSF biomarkers.
In cultured cells, lysosomal activity was necessary to enable tau seeds to break out of internalized exosomes and trigger the aggregation of tau in the cytosol.