This update of the Allen Brain Institute atlas reveals detailed anatomical structures and provides a common framework for comparing brain datasets.
Separately, cerebrovascular disease drove an uptick in neurofilament light in the brain, indicating neurodegeneration.
The plasma biomarker neurofilament light was able to distinguish individual mutation carriers from noncarriers three years prior to onset.
Grown on doughnut-shaped supports, the cultures survive for years. They offer a versatile system for studying Alzheimer’s disease, the authors claim.
The modeling approach reinforces the idea that tau pathology propagates through the brain’s physical architecture, including neuronal networks.
In motor neurons of TMEM106b knockout mice, swollen vacuoles piled up in axons near the soma, rendering the mice wobbly and slow to react. The finding contradicts prior reports.
Different forms of p-tau in cerebrospinal fluid reflect worsening plaque load, metabolism, and atrophy in the brain. They could help stage Alzheimer’s disease.
In people with Alzheimer’s biomarkers, the basal forebrain shrinks early, foreshadowing microglial neurotoxicity, atrophy in the medial temporal lobe, and cognitive decline.
For people with Parkinson’s, carrying Alzheimer’s genetic risk variants upped their odds of harboring Aβ and tau pathology and getting dementia. In people with DLB, Aβ plaques worsened tau and Lewy pathology, and cognition.
Avid’s postmortem validation data indicate Alzheimer’s can be diagnosed by visual examination of flortaucipir PET scans.
Award recognizes discoveries of genetic variants that perturb liquid-liquid phase separation and increase risk for ALS-FTD and other neurodegenerative diseases.
Umbilical cord stem cells from presenilin 1 E280A carriers, once differentiated into cholinergic-like neurons, pumped out Aβ42 and accumulated phosphorylated tau and apoptotic markers.
Induced neurons lacking the Alzheimer’s risk gene can’t properly recycle APP.
In stark contrast to Aβ and tau fibrils, α-synuclein fibrils are asymmetric, comprising two different protofibrils.
P-tau217 appears sooner than p-tau181 in the brain, and it distinguishes AD from controls and other dementias even more cleanly.