Whole-genome sequencing combined with expression data identifies five LBD loci: three known and two new. Four increased LBD risk while one appears protective.
Based on pooled data from five well-characterized cohorts, women appear to initially outperform men, but then slide faster, on global cognition and executive function. Oddly, this was not true for memory.
White matter-associated microglia express similar genes to plaque-associated DAMs. They seem to be triggered by the myelin breakdown associated with aging and disease.
The commercial test uses a few drops of saliva. It must be ordered by a physician. Plans are also in the works to use the test to select participants for clinical trials.