Mutations

MAPT N296H

Overview

Pathogenicity: Frontotemporal Dementia : Pathogenic
Clinical Phenotype: Frontotemporal Dementia
Genome Build: 105
Position: Chr17:44087739 A>C
dbSNP ID: rs63750416
Coding/Non-Coding: Coding
Genomic Region: Exon 10
Mutation Type: Point, Missense
Codon Change: AAT to CAT

Findings

The N296H mutation leads to a clinical syndrome similar to autosomal-dominant frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. It was initially identified in a 62-year-old Japanese man who presented with frontal signs followed by temporal signs and parkinsonism (Iseki et al., 2001).

Neuropathology

This mutation is associated with localized frontotemporal atrophy, including severe neuronal loss in the precentral gyrus. Many tau-positive astrocytes were observed in the cerebral cortex, but no tau-positive neurofibrillary tangles or Pick bodies. Phosphorylated tau accumulated in both neurons and glia, but only rarely assembled into abnormal filaments. Tau isoforms containing four-repeat domains were enriched in the brain (Iseki et al., 2001).

Biological Effect

In addition to causing a substitution of amino acids at position 296, this mutation alters the relative production of 3R to 4R tau isoforms. Specifically, this mutation falls within a region of MAPT that regulates exon 10 splicing, leading to an increase in the relative number of transcripts containing exon 10. This translates into an overproduction of tau isoforms containing four microtubule binding repeat domains (4R tau). The N296H mutation also has been shown to reduce the rate of tubulin polymerization and the extent of microtubule assembly. It has little to no effect on tau filament formation (Yoshida et al., 2002; Grover et al., 2002).

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References

Paper Citations

  1. . Familial frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism with a novel N296H mutation in exon 10 of the tau gene and a widespread tau accumulation in the glial cells. Acta Neuropathol. 2001 Sep;102(3):285-92. PubMed.
  2. . Functional effects of tau gene mutations deltaN296 and N296H. J Neurochem. 2002 Feb;80(3):548-51. PubMed.
  3. . Effects on splicing and protein function of three mutations in codon N296 of tau in vitro. Neurosci Lett. 2002 Apr 19;323(1):33-6. PubMed.

Further Reading

Learn More

  1. Alzheimer Disease & Frontotemporal Dementia Mutation Database

Primary Papers

  1. . Familial frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism with a novel N296H mutation in exon 10 of the tau gene and a widespread tau accumulation in the glial cells. Acta Neuropathol. 2001 Sep;102(3):285-92. PubMed.

Other mutations at this position

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