Mutations

MAPT K257T

Overview

Pathogenicity: Other Tauopathy : Pathogenic, Frontotemporal Dementia : Unclear Pathogenicity
Clinical Phenotype: Tauopathy consistent with Pick's Disease
Genomic Mutation Name (MET1): g.110018A>C
Genomic Mutation Name (NT1): g.107192A>C
dbSNP ID: rs63750129
Coding/Non-Coding: Coding
Genomic Region: Exon 9
Mutation Type: Point, Missense
Codon Change: AAG to ACG

Findings

This mutation was identified in an individual from England with frontotemporal dementia who had neuropathologically confirmed Pick's disease. He developed symptoms at age 47 and died four years later. He presented first with memory decline and gradual changes in personality and behavior, namely disinhibition and erratic behavior. He also developed severe language impairments. He did not have a family history of dementia (his father died of myocardial infarction at age 79 and his mother died following a stroke at age 80). Segregation with disease could not be established, and it may be a de novo mutation (Rizzini et al., 2000; Pickering-Brown, 2000).

Neuropathology

Autopsy showed Pick’s disease, a subtype of FTD. Severe frontotemporal atrophy was observed, especially in the temporal lobes. Numerous tau-positive Pick bodies were seen in the neocortex, hippocampus, and some subcortical regions. Diffuse hyperphosphorylated tau was observed in some cell bodies (Rizzini et al., 2000).

Biological Effect

Recombinant tau protein with the K257T mutation showed reduced ability to promote microtubule assembly (Rizzini et al., 2000).

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References

Paper Citations

  1. . Tau gene mutation K257T causes a tauopathy similar to Pick's disease. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2000 Nov;59(11):990-1001. PubMed.
  2. . Pick's disease is associated with mutations in the tau gene. Ann Neurol. 2000 Dec;48(6):859-67. PubMed.

Further Reading

Learn More

  1. Alzheimer Disease & Frontotemporal Dementia Mutation Database

Primary Papers

  1. . Tau gene mutation K257T causes a tauopathy similar to Pick's disease. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2000 Nov;59(11):990-1001. PubMed.
  2. . Pick's disease is associated with mutations in the tau gene. Ann Neurol. 2000 Dec;48(6):859-67. PubMed.